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Moral theory, Philosophy, Politics
In a standard introduction to ethical reasoning, the focus is on the varying value frameworks of different normative theories. Utilitarians focus on social utility. Kantians, with their emphasis on treating individuals as "ends in...
History of Philosophy, Moral theory, On Reason, Philosophy, Politics, Reason
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Thomas Aquinas (1225 - 1274) is known for having successfully integrated Aristotle's teaching with that he inherited from Platonism and Medieval Christianity. His work is thus a creative reappropriation of ...
History of Philosophy, Moral theory, Philosophy, Politics, Reason
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Early Christianity joined the teaching of the Jewish tradition with that of Greeks. By the time of Augustine (354-430 CE) there has also been considerable influence by Roman thinkers and...
Courses, History of Philosophy, Moral theory, Politics
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS For Aristotle ethics and politics are fundamentally intertwined. He understands both domains functionally. The human function or purpose, he argues, is to be understood in relationship to our nature. To...
Art and Music, History of Philosophy, On Art and Music, Politics
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Plato's aesthetics is characterized by a fundamental paradox: He warns continually to be wary of the seductive voice of poets and artists, but creates an artistically honed philosophy that is...
Art and Music, History of Philosophy, Moral theory, On Art and Music, Politics, Soul
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS While Socrates embodied virtue in his life and came to be seen in the Antique world as an archetype for the philosophical sage, he in fact did not put forward...
History of Philosophy, Moral theory, Philosophy, Politics
The Death of Socrates (Jacque-Louis David, 1787) RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Socrates is philosophy's most famous martyr. Yet he wasn't the first tried in the courts of Athens. The Decree of Diopeithes allowed for the...