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History of Philosophy, Philosophy, Philosophy of Science
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS The best known of the British empiricists are John Locke (1632-1704), Bishop George Berkeley (1685-1753), and David Hume (1711-1776). Locke developed a theory of understanding that became influential on the...
History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Reason, Uncategorized
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Other Sophists On various issues the sophists were clearly not of one mind. Callicles and Hippias of Elis both disagreed with Protagoras about the primacy of convention over nature. Nature, they...
History of Philosophy, Metaphysics, Moral theory, Political Philosophy
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Protagoras Agnosticism Protagoras, who in antiquity was often thought to be an atheist, is often considered the most important of the sophists. The argument passed down from him on our inability to...
History of Philosophy
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Parmenides Hans Georg Gadamer, on of Germany's most important 20th century hermeneutical philosophers and classical scholars, emphasizes in particular the importance of Parmenedes and the Eleatics for Plato's later theory of...
History of Philosophy, On Reason, Reason
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Descartes' influence has been profound. His criticisms of scholasticism and elevation of rational introspection were seminal for Continental Rationalism. His focus on the experience of the individual subject has had...