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History of Philosophy, On Reason, Reason
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Descartes' influence has been profound. His criticisms of scholasticism and elevation of rational introspection were seminal for Continental Rationalism. His focus on the experience of the individual subject has had...
History of Philosophy, Soul
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Rene Descartes (1596-1650) is generally viewed as the "Father of Modern Philosophy." He both leads the rejection of traditional Scholastic thought and develops a mechanistic philosophy to replace the teleological...
History of Philosophy, Mind, On Reason, Soul
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Method of Systematic Doubt Descartes is anything but a skeptic. But in his Meditations on First Philosophy he proposes that we meditate with him, reasoning by questioning everything about which we...
History of Philosophy, Mind, Philosophy, Soul
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Descartes' Foundationalism Descartes is known as a foundationalist. A foundationalist thinks we begin our rational reconstruction of our worldview on the basis of a certain foundation. On the basis of what...
History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy
RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS Why is any political authority justified? What is the proper role of government? Who should be involved in governmental decision making? How much are individual and social well-being interconnected? Political...