Darrell Arnold Darrell Arnold

 A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

BY DARRELL P. ARNOLD, PH.D.

This is an online book in progress. The material here is planned for a paperback Short Introduction to the History of Philosophy. I have composed the texts over the past year as a supplement to my coursework at Miami Dade College. They cover the history of philosophy from the Axial Age through the Enlightenment. Over the next semesters I will add material on further the rationalists, Bacon, Locke and Empiricists, as well as Kant, Hegel, Marx, the Social Contract tradition, Nietzsche, Dewey, James and Pierce, Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Simon de Beauvoir and Sartre, as well as some living philosophers. I’m also planning chapters on historically important female philosophers and more non-Western philosophers.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

PART 1 — WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?

Chapter 1 — What is Philosophy?

Section 1 — Philosophy: An Overview 

Section 2 — An Examined Life

PART 2 — ASIAN PHILOSOPHY

Chapter 2 Hindu and Buddhist Thought

Section 1 —  An Introduction to Hindu and Buddhist Thought (1)

Section 2 — An Introduction to Hindu and Buddhist Thought (2) 

Chapter 3 — Confucius and Confucianism

Chapter 4 — Laozi: An Overview

PART 3 — ANCIENT GREEK THOUGHT

Chapter 5 — Pre-Socratics

Section 1 — The Pre-Socratics: An Overview

Section 2 — The Ionians

Section 3 — Heraclitus

Section 4 — Parmenides and the Eleatics

Section 5 — The One and the Many — From Thales to Democritus 

Section 6 — Pythagoras

Chapter 6 — The Sophists 

Section 1 — An Overview

Section 2 — Protagoras

Section 3 — Further Sophists

Chapter 7 — Socrates

Section 1 — Socrates: An Overview 

Section 2 — The Trial and Death of Socrates

Chapter 8 — Plato

Section 1 — Plato: An Overview

Section 2 — Plato’s Allegory of the Cave 

Section 3 — Plato on Gyges’ Ring 

Section 4 — Plato on Justice

Section 5 — Plato on Art

Chapter 9 — Aristotle

Section 1 — Aristotle’s Background 

Section 2 — Aristotle’s Teleological Perspective

Section 3 — Aristotle’s Ethics

Section 4 — Aristotle’s Aesthetics

PART 4 — PHILOSOPHY IN LATE ANTIQUITY

Chapter 10 — Philosophy in Hellenism and Early Rome

Chapter 11 — Stoicism 

Chapter 12 — Epicureanism

PART 5 — WESTERN PHILOSOPHY IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Chapter 13 — Augustine 

Chapter 14 — Thomas Aquinas and Thomism

PART 6 — THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY

Chapter 15 — The Transition to the Modern World

Chapter 16 — The Enlightenment

Section 1 — Science and Knowledge

Section 2 — Political Philosophy

PART 7 — MODERN PHILOSOPHERS

Chapter 17 — Descartes

Section 1 — The Father of Modern Philosophy

Section 2 — Descartes’ Method of Systematic Doubt

Section 3 — Descartes’ Foundationalist Reconstruction

Section 4 — Criticisms of Descartes

Chapter 18 — Spinoza

Chapter 19 — An Overview of Rationalism

Chapter 20 — British Empiricism

Section 1 — Francis Bacon

Section 2 — John Locke’s Epistemology

Section 3 — David Hume

Chapter 21 — Immanuel Kant

Chapter 22 — Georg Fredrick Hegel

Chapter 23 — Karl Marx 

Chapter 24 — Friedrich Nietzsche 

Chapter 25 — Pragmatism 

Section 1 — Charles Sanders Pierce

Section 2 — William James

Section 3 — John Dewey

Chapter 26 Contemporary French Philosophy

Chapter 27 Contemporary Germany Philosophy

Chapter 28 Contemporary Anglo-American Philosophy

Chapter 29 Contemporary Movements in Global Philosophy